However, there is another way to express the action of a subject in relation to an object, where the sentence begins with “the object” and ends with the “subject”. The order of the subject and object is reversed in the sentence. This style of expression is called passive. For example, the above sentence in the passive voice can be expressed as follows. When we talk about English grammar, verbs have five different properties: mood, tense, person, and voice. In this blog, we will report on the voice. The two grammatical voices are – the active and passive voices. In general, we prefer an active voice in sentences. It is very easy to change an active voice to a passive one, you just need to follow the following rules: Rule 6.
Use the appropriate auxiliary or auxiliary verb (est/am/sont/was, etc.). The rules for using auxiliary verbs in passive clauses are different for each tense. Below are the active-passive voice rules you need to follow to replace an active phrase with a passive voice. Before we move on to the rules of the active-passive voice, let`s look at the examples of active and passive sentences. Rule 2. Verb change: The 3rd form of the verb (e.g. eaten, written) is always used as the main verb in the passive voice. Regardless of the verb form used in the active voice, the verb is replaced by the 3rd form, while the active voice is converted to a passive voice. Remember that only the 3rd form of the verb is used in the passive voice. It is very important to learn the active and passive voice. Thank you so grateful for this blog. The subject and object of the sentence change places.
The subject is replaced by the object in the passive voice. And the subject is placed in place of the object. If the person who performed the action is unknown and the action and not the subject is the main theme of the sentence, the passive voice is used. Rule 5. Express subject (pronoun) as object (pronoun): If the subject moves instead of the object in the passive voice, the subject pronoun (e.g. he, she, I, she, us) is expressed as an object pronoun (e.g., he, she, us). For example, we would transform “he” into “him,” “she” into “she,” “I” into “I,” “she” into “she,” and “we” into “us.” The pronoun “you” remains the same. Question 3. What are the basic rules for active voice and passive voice? Here are the basic rules for changing active voice to passive voice: First, let`s understand the meaning of voice and what active voice and passive voice are. Rule 3.
In the passive voice, sometimes the subject is not used, i.e. the subject in the passive voice can be omitted if the sentence without it gives enough meaning. Note. The above rules, with the exception of Rule 4, are basic rules for converting active voice to passive voice and apply to all sentences. Rule 4 deals with the use of the verb helping in the passive voice. Since each tense uses a different auxiliary verb (e.g., is, was, had, a, wants), rule 4 differs for sentences of different tenses. The rules for changing tense (auxiliary verb) to the passive voice can also be discussed in detail on this site. To change a sentence from active voice to passive voice, first move the object to the beginning of the sentence. Then add the auxiliary verb “to be” before the main verb, which emphasizes how the object is reacted. For example, if the original sentence is “He will write the letter,” you should do it “A letter will be written by him.” Make sure you keep the same amount of time when switching from an active voice to a passive voice.
If the original sentence is: “The cat kills the mice”, the correct passive voice would be “The mice are killed by the cat”, not “The mice were killed by the cat”. To find out when it`s okay to use the passive voice and when to avoid it, read on! Answer: If the activity communicated by the action word is received by the subject, it is a passive voice. The passive voice is used when the practitioner of the activity is not known and the sentence focuses on the activity rather than the subject. For example, “Badminton is played by Rita.” The rules for an active and passive voice for different types of tenses are given here, such as: The three movements have a very basic vocal structure – subject, verb and object. If we look at the first one, then the subject dog performs the action described by the verb that is hunted on the object cat. Similarly, in the second and third movements, the subjects – employees and dogs – perform the actions described by the verbs – on the objects – objects and babies respectively – equipped and venerated. When a subject performs an action, the verb in that sentence is in the active voice, and there is a clear relationship between the subject and the verb. For example, in the sentence Melvin beat football the subject (Melvin) in relation to football.
If we look more closely, the sentence structure has been reversed, in the active voice, the structure was – subject + verb + object, but in the case of the passive voice, it is – object + verb + subject. Another thing to note is the change of the verb, to the passive voice, it is in the form – a form of “being + past participle of the verb. Finally, there is the addition of a preposition, in the three cases above – “of”. When we use the active voice in a sentence, there is a subject acting on the verb. Simply put, the subject acts as an active voice.